Aggregating data frames

In the following we aggregate data from the British Election Study 2010. The data set bes2010feelings.RData is prepared from the original available at https://www.britishelectionstudy.com/data-object/2010-bes-cross-section/ by removing identifying information and scrambling the data.


load("bes2010feelings.RData")

Here we obtain the average affects towards the major three parties, using an ‘old-style’ call of the function aggregate().


Mean <- function(x,...)mean(x,...,na.rm=TRUE)
aggregate(bes2010feelings[c("flng.brown","flng.cameron",
                            "flng.clegg","flng.salmond")],
          with(bes2010feelings,
               list(Region=region,Wave=wave)),
          Mean)
  Region   Wave flng.brown flng.cameron flng.clegg flng.salmond
1 England  Pre  4.092674   5.284810     4.618690        NaN
2 Scotland Pre  5.395000   4.502591     4.405229   4.412371
3 Wales    Pre  4.328244   4.774194     4.592233        NaN
4 England  Post 4.140990   5.441454     5.160313        NaN
5 Scotland Post 5.510769   4.539075     4.513793   4.228707
6 Wales    Post 4.307692   4.855895     4.814480        NaN

More recent versions of R also provide a slightly more convenient way of calling aggregate() using a formula argument:


aggregate(cbind(flng.brown,
                flng.cameron,
                flng.clegg,
                flng.salmond
                )~region+wave,
          data=bes2010feelings,
          Mean)
  region   wave flng.brown flng.cameron flng.clegg flng.salmond
1 Scotland Pre  5.466667   4.500000     4.460000   4.480000
2 Scotland Post 5.513986   4.513986     4.498252   4.270979

The memisc package has a somewhat more flexible variant of aggregate(), the function Aggregate(). Here we reproduce the results of aggregate(). You may need to install this package using install.packages("memisc") from CRAN if you want to run this on your computer. (The package is already installed on the notebook container, however.)


library(memisc)
Loading required package: lattice

Loading required package: MASS


Attaching package: ‘memisc’


The following object is masked _by_ ‘.GlobalEnv’:

    Mean


The following objects are masked from ‘package:stats’:

    contr.sum, contr.treatment, contrasts


The following object is masked from ‘package:base’:

    as.array



Aggregate(c(Brown=Mean(flng.brown),
            Cameron=Mean(flng.cameron),
            Clegg=Mean(flng.clegg),
            Salmond=Mean(flng.salmond))~region+wave,
            data=bes2010feelings)
  region   wave Brown    Cameron  Clegg    Salmond
1 England  Pre  4.092674 5.284810 4.618690      NaN
2 Scotland Pre  5.395000 4.502591 4.405229 4.412371
3 Wales    Pre  4.328244 4.774194 4.592233      NaN
4 NA       Pre  4.507143 4.929870 4.426573 4.760563
5 England  Post 4.140990 5.441454 5.160313      NaN
6 Scotland Post 5.510769 4.539075 4.513793 4.228707
7 Wales    Post 4.307692 4.855895 4.814480      NaN
8 NA       Post       NA       NA       NA       NA

However it also allows to used different summary functions.


Var <- function(x,...) var(x,...,na.rm=TRUE)
Aggregate(c(Mean(flng.brown),Var(flng.brown))~region+wave,
          data=bes2010feelings)
  region   wave Mean(flng.brown) Var(flng.brown)
1 England  Pre  4.092674         7.287340
2 Scotland Pre  5.395000         8.210025
3 Wales    Pre  4.328244         8.776042
4 NA       Pre  4.507143         7.754125
5 England  Post 4.140990         7.109491
6 Scotland Post 5.510769         6.376617
7 Wales    Post 4.307692         7.647408
8 NA       Post       NA               NA

Downloadable R script and interactive version

Explanation

The link with the “jupyterhub” icon directs you to an interactive Jupyter1 notebook, which runs inside a Docker container2. There are two variants of the interative notebook. One shuts down after 60 seconds and does not require a sign it. The other requires sign in using your ORCID3 credentials, yet shuts down only after 24 hours. (There is no guarantee that such a container persists that long, it may be shut down earlier for maintenance purposes.) After shutdown all data within the container will be reset, i.e. all files created by the user will be deleted.4

Above you see a rendered version of the Jupyter notebook.5

1

For more information about Jupyter see http://jupyter.org. The Jupyter notebooks make use of the IRKernel package.

2

For more information about Docker see https://docs.docker.com/. The container images were created with repo2docker, while containers are run with docker spawner.

3

ORCID is a free service for the authentication of researchers. It also allows to showcase publications and contributions to the academic community such as peer review.. See https://info.orcid.org/what-is-orcid/ for more information.

4

The Jupyter notebooks come with NO WARRANTY whatsoever. They are provided for educational and illustrative purposes only. Do not use them for production work.

5

The notebook is rendered with the help of the nbsphinx extension.